A railbus is a lightweight passenger rail vehicle that shares many aspects of its construction with a bus, typically having a bus (original or modified) body and four wheels on a fixed base, instead of on bogies. Originally designed and developed during the 1930s, railbuses have evolved into larger dimensions, with characteristics similar in appearance to a light railcar, with the terms railcar and railbus often used interchangeably. Railbuses designed for use specifically on little-used railway lines were commonly employed in the USSR..
Such railway self-propelled cars, equipped with a powerful diesel engine, were created to transport service railway personnel and ordinary passengers in the suburban direction.
During my entire life I few times had an opportunity to be a passenger of railbus several times, but only more modern and Russian production. The manufacturer’s nameplate has been preserved on the case. Such railbuses were produced by the Czechoslovak plant “Skoda”. That sample was produced in 1977.
That abandoned railbus had two driver’s cabs. The bogies were equipped with double-acting drum brakes instead of disc brakes. The motor carriage was at the rear, despite the fact that the huge diesel generator was on the front side of the railbus. At the same time, the arrangement of the bogies evenly distributes the weight between the wheelsets.
The doors, including those to the driver’s cab, were tightly closed. But this did not stop us from being inside, squeezing through the open window.
First of all, we went to the driver’s cab. As you can see in the photo — the condition leaves much to be desired. But, despite the fact that the abandoned railbus stands in that form and has not been used for a very long time — the dashboard, all levers, controllers and electrical equipment were in place.
The railbus was equipped with a powerful diesel generator capable of delivering 750 hp. The transmission of electricity generated by the motor was fed to a traction motor, which was equipped under the car body and was connected to the wheelsets by an axial gearbox and a cardan shaft. With such a unit, the railbus was capable of accelerating to a speed of 120 km / h.
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