Voronezh Nuclear district heating plant (Voronezh AST, VAST) is a nuclear heating plant consisting of two AST-500 (500MWth) nuclear heating reactors. VAST was developed for the central heating system of the city of Voronezh, Russia.
The construction works were conducted from 1983 to 1990. The maintenance works stopped in 1990. In 2020-2021 the dismantling of buildings is underway.
Below are photos of the Voronezh Nuclear district heating plant before and after the demolition. Photos made from a quadcopter.
See other posts on the Voronezh Nuclear Heating Plant here:
After public discussions, on May 18, 1990, a referendum was held in Voronezh, in which 96% of the votes were against the construction of the Voronezh Nuclear district heating plant (VAST)
By the decision of the Voronezh City Council of People’s Deputies of June 5, 1990, the construction of the facility was stopped. The site was put into conservation mode. By that time construction and installation works at power nuclear unit No. 1 were completed by 75-80%. And work was in progress to install the equipment of the nuclear reactor.
According to engineers and scientists, the Voronezh Nuclear district heating plant was supposed to provide up to 23% of Voronezh’s needs for hot water and heating. However, all works were stopped.
The demolition of the Voronezh Nuclear district heating plant is a difficult task. Engineers and workers tried to disassemble it, but it turned out to be very costly, long-time, and rather ineffective.
Then it was decided to fold the dome inward with a directed explosion. But it also didn’t work well. The dome was blown up, but the site didn’t collapse.
As for September 20, the station is being dismantled at full speed. The dome is still in its place.
Mudlerphoto visited the Voronezh Nuclear district heating plant during the demolition and Dismantling process at the end of September 2020. Below photos from his Instagram