Cape Lopatka History and Exploration
The first Russians to visit the Cape Lopatka were the Cossacks led by D. Antsiferov and I. Kozyrevsky (1711). Attempts to preserve the unique fauna of Cape Lopatka were made already in the 19th century. In 1892, the district administration of Kamchatka succeeded in securing the seasonal protection of beavers in Cape Lopatka.
In 1927, by a resolution of the Council of People’s Commissars of The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, the state plan “Rookery of beavers at Cape Lopatka” was approved. On Cape Lopatka there is a lighthouse, a meteorological station, and the remains of an artillery battery of the war period.
Read Full Article: Abandoned Soviet Artillery battery on the Cape Lopatka
Cape Lopatka Tsunami in 1737
In 1737, Cape Lopatka’s highest tsunami was recorded at 64 m (210 ft), washing over the peninsula. On October 16th, an earthquake generated a very large tsunami with an estimated height of 64m (210 ft). It hits Cape Lopatka at the southern tip of the Kamchatka Peninsula (number of casualties unknown). The 1737 tsunami is known among seismologists as the largest and earliest known historical seismic event for Kamchatka.
Fauna and flora of Cape Lopatka
Valuable habitat for snow sheep and brown bear, coastal mating habitat for sea otters spotted and harbor seals on the remote territories of the Cape Lopatka, almost untouched landscapes that display the unique natural complexity of the peninsula of Kamchatka and the southward reaching Kuril island ridge – these are just parts of the extraordinary natural world protected by this splendid reserve. Cape Lopatka Kamchatka most likely contains a great diversity of salmonid fish. Cape Lopatka is famous for the abundance and size of its brown bears. Cape Lopatka boasts abundant flora, diverse and abundant wildlife.
Population of the sea otter on Cape Lopatka, Kamachatka
Dr. Hattori Kaoru from Hokkaido University in his scientific research suggested that the Cape Lopatka region provides ample food resources, strong winds and other environmental factors may make it a less favorable habitat than the more protected areas of population distribution
Archeological Materials from Cape Lopatka
T. M. Dikova conducted archaeological research on Cape Lopatka for three field seasons. In 1972, exploring survey was carried out in and a great prospect for studying this area was obtained, and excavations were conducted in 1973 and 1975 in Cape Lopatka. Four locations in Cape Lopatka were found where abundant materials could be collected – Paleolithic pebble tools in the earlier period to the 17th century in the later period.
Dikova collection contains archaeological materials from archaeological sites in Cape Lopatka (Cape Lopatka I-V and Andrianovka sites).
The Cape Lopatka 3 site is a destroyed “shell midden” consisting of the sea mammal bones and mollusks. There are also mixed and redeposited materials. Stone tools from this area are similar to artifacts from
the Cape Lopatka 4 site and they are obviously Tar’ya Culture materials.
The Cape Lopatka 2 site contained mainly moved materials, represented by a large collection of various stone tools and some bone products. Mollusk shells and fragmented bird and animal bones scattered evenly in the whole area of this site. In general, all the material of this location is characterized as homogeneous. Previously, it was dated to a period around the beginning of the Christian era.
At the Lopatka I site, investigations were carried out for several years (Dikova, 1973, 1974b). The cultural layer was redeposited. A “shell midden”
containing a large number of mollusk fragments and bone pieces of sea mammal, terrestrial animals, birds, and fish. This “shell midden” in which fragments of Naiji pottery vessels were found was assigned to the upper layer by T. M. Dikova. Stone and bone products were collected from this feature. And older dwellings with stone implements were found in the lower part. Two dwellings were recognized, one of which is dated to the beginning of the
first millennium AD.
T. M. Dikova submitted an important conclusion that Cape Lopatka 1 site was settled for seasonal hunting in the middle of the XVII century and that there was a contact of two cultures – the Itelmen and the Ainu.
Cape Lopatka Climate
In spite of its temperate latitude, the powerful Oyashio Current on the western flank of the Aleutian Low gives Cape Lopatka a chilly and very wet polar climate that borders extremely closely on subarctic climate. Cape Lopatka summers are mild, but extraordinarily cloudy with annual sunshine hours about 1,050 per year. Winters at the Cape lopatka are only moderately severe and there is no permafrost since the mean annual temperature is around 2.0 °C (35.6 °F).
Cape Lopatka Location and Maps
Cape Lopatka Map
Cape Lopatka Location on Google Maps