An ice crossing is a crossing (road, path) laid along with the ice cover of rivers, lakes, seas, and other water barriers (water bodies).
An ice crossing is a section of a road (winter road) laid on the ice of a water body, used to move vehicles or horse-drawn vehicles, as well as to move people to ensure the livelihoods of the population and the work of enterprises and organizations.
Ice crossing is subject to an arrangement in accordance with the requirements. An ice crossing is an engineering structure equipped with ice cover for rivers, lakes, seas, and other water barriers in order to organize the safe passage of vehicles
In summer, it is replaced by a pontoon bridge (pontoon ferry) or ferry. Despite the security measures taken, many people die every year at ice crossings, cars, and valuable cargo fall under the ice. Therefore, ice/pontoon and ferry crossings, despite the additional costs, tend to be replaced by much more reliable bridges, usually built near these temporary crossings.
Most of the ice crossings in Russia are in Siberia and the Far East.
The ice crossing opens in winter (in most cases – January – early February), closes in late March – early April.
One of the most famous ice crossings was the Road of Life during the Great Patriotic War.